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Group Belonging and Mourning as Factors in Resilience in Second Generation Holocaust Survivors

Dr. Fogelman published this article in the Psychoanalytic Review in 1998, shedding light on the importance of not only telling the story of children of the Holocaust, but providing an in depth analysis of the identifiable group she calls the "second generation." You can purchase the full article from the Psychoanalytic Review or Guilford Publications, inc.


Historically, the marker event for the identifiability of children of survivors as a group was the seminal article in The New York Times by journalist Helen Epstein, herself a child of Holocaust Survivors, on June 19, 1977, and her subsequent book, Children of the Holocaust (Epstein, 1979). Although the psychological literature had articles dating back to the work of Vivian Rakoff and John Sigal in 1966, these were unnoticed for the most part. The emergence of a second-generation consciousness, and resultantly the development of an identifiables group, has its origin in the "roots" movement in the United States in the mid-1970s; in the more manifest anti-Semitism in Europe in the early and mid-1980s; and more recently in Israel, during the showing of Claude Lanzmann's Shoah and the Demjanjuk Trial, which resulted in a restored dignity of Holocaust survivors.

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